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We applied and were accepted into SPATA (The Swimming Pool and Allied Trades Association) during 1991 and this was yet another step up the ladder of professionalism.


> SPATA Code of Ethics

1. At all times to trade ethically both with the public gnarly and the industry in particular.
2. At all times to comply with the general Standards of Construction and/or supply of Swimming Pools and Ancillary Equipment, and other goods and equipment allied or adjacent to the construction and installation of Swimming Pools, and abide by the Rules and By-Laws of the Association.
3. Generally to quote in accordance with those Standards (in the the absence of any other Standards specifcally laid down in an invitation to tender or tho like).
4. To comply generaly in all respects with the Trades Descriptions Act. 1968, Supply Goods (Implied Terms) Act, 1973, and any other subsequent acts amending or replacing tho same so far as goods of the Members own manufacture are concerned.
5. To advertise and market so that the validity and extant of the products and services advertised and offered by the Company is fully understood by the prospective client and at no time use the technique of "selling up". At all times comply with the requirements of the Advertlslng Standards Authority.
6. Where a kit for the construction or erection of a pool is supplied either direct to a Member of the Public or to a Pool Contractor there shall be supplied sufficient specificatlons, instructions, working drawings and information generally as to the proper construction or erection of that pool and the installation to any equipment to be used therewith together with an offer of supervision of the works (at a fee lt such supervision is required).
7. Not unjustifiably to derogate in any way a competitor's product or services.
8. To use ones best endeavours to fulfil all contractual obligations.
9. To offer a reasonable warranty of products and services and to perform on such warranties where justifiable claims are made with reasonable expedition.
10. At no time, knowingly or wittingly do any act that could reasonably be construed as bringing the Member Company into disrepute and consequently the industry generally and the Association in particular.

> Why you should use a SPATA Member

What is SPATA?
SPATA (The Swimming Pools and Allied Trades Association) is the UK Trade Association for all companies prepared to adopt its standards. Every major industry needs its top professional body to watch over standards. In the pool and water leisure industry, SPATA is the watch-dog.

Member Companies
A SPATA recommendation is your assurance that your facility has been installed by a company rigorously inspected and assessed for its workmanship and the quality of service it provides.

Companies who have earned the right to display the SPATA logo have been trading for longer than 3 years. Each installer member will be inspected thoroughly and will have to comply with the Standards and Code of Ethics set by the Association.
Their commitment as a SPATA member is to provide the highest standards of excellence in all that they do. SPATA places great emphasis on well-built installations that are safe and easy to maintain, and regularly polices its members through a continual re-inspection programme for all installer companies.

If at any time you experience any problems with a member, assistance is available via the SPATA Dispute Procedures.
The SPATA office will field to take your technical and general enquiries and guide you to your nearest recommended SPATA members. SPATA also offers a range of publications available for purchase from the SPATA office. lt formulates technical standards, general handbooks and technical reports.

So if you are looking for water recreation and entertainment, look out for the SPATA logo for professional help.

> VAT on Swimming Pools - the current position

VAT is chargeable at standard rate on all swimming pool supplies except where a pool is supplied as a part of a contract which is itself zero rated. Len general, this means that the only concession will be in respect of pools or spas built as an integral part of any alteration or extension of an existing building.

There is a further concession in respect of what Customs and Excise refer to as buildings for "Relevant Residential Purposes" which could cover swimming pools or spas installed as a part of a new building but this concession should not be presumed without prior consultation with the local VAT office.

Finally there is a concession in respect of pools or spas installed within or in an extension to a listed building provided that the project is such as to require the obtaining of listed building consent, but here again, the concession must not be presumed without prior agreement with the local VAT office.

Zero Rating applies only to the pool structure and to fixed equipment, which would normally be supplied by builders as fixtures. This means that it covers the supply and installation of Heed water and space heating equipment and all pipework but does not cover the supply of such items as filters and swimmerets which are not nominally supplied by builders and are classed as "domestic electrical appliances", although it does appear to cover their installation and associated fixed pipework and wiring, provided that the cost can be separately identified.

Items such as diving boards, slides, floating covers and rollers and all loose equipment and chemicals are standard rated, although it would appear that covers of the Roldeck type forming an integral part of the pool structure could be zero rated.

In cases where installers are acting as subcontractors it may well be advisable to standard rate the entire pool contract leaving the main contractor to decide which parts of it are to be zero rated. Where the pool installer is required to zero rate any or all of his work, the main contractor must be required to certify in writing that the work comprised in his own contract is subject to zero rating.

Anyone wishing to have their pool build zero-rated should contact the VAT office and obtain written authority which can then be passed on to the pool builder and associated subcontractors to act upon.

> The Swimming Pool Contract Checklist

Some misunderstandings which have arisen in recent years between pool owners and pool builders indicate, in most cases, they arise from a lack of communication and the failure to agree beforehand on certain vital details.

As a result SPATA have prepared the following check list for prospective pool owners setting out the various points which need to be agreed before and during a contract for the installation of a swimming pool.

Before signing the contract or placing an order
1. Who are the parties to the contract and is the installer a SPATA member?
2. What is the method of construction of the pool shell and do you have detailed drawings and specification?
3. Can the installer produce evidence of previous experience in this method of construction?
4. Will the pool be built and equipped in accordance with SPATA standards?
5. Can structural calculations for the pool shell be produced if required? (An additional engineers fee would normally be payable for such calculations which are generally required for larger pools and for indoor pools subject to building regulations).
6. What, if any, are the risks specifically excluded from the contract? (e.g. High water table, excavation in rock, diversion of drains).
7. What provision is to be made for dealing with external water pressure?
8. What is the warranty on (a) the pool and (b) the associated equipment, and are there any limitations on use and emptying?
9. Do you understand the terms of payment?
10. What is the VAT liability?
11. Who will be responsible for after sales maintenance and service?
12. Are any local authority consents required? (e.g. planning, building regulations) and if so, who is responsible for obtaining them?
13. Who is responsible for site clearance and subsequent reinstatement?
14. Where is the plant to be housed? Is the housing weatherproof and will there be any nuisance from noise or fumes?
15. Who is responsible for running services (gas, electric, water, drainage) to the plant housing? lf this is the owners responsibility, has the installer detailed exactly what is required?
16. What type of Halter is to be fitted, what is the turnover rate and what provision is made for
disposal of backlash water?
17. What type of heater is to be titted and what is its capacity in relation to (a) pool surface area and (b) pool water volume'?
18. What method of water sterilisation and PH correction is proposed?
19. What is the proposed method for dealing with increased costs and extra works? No instructions involving variations or extra works should be given to the contractors employees.

1. Is the exact location of the pool agreed?
2. What is the finished level of the pool coping?
3. What is to be done with the excavated soil?
4. Is any covering and protection required for shrubs, lawns, drives, adjacent buildings etc.
5. What is the access route for site traffic?
6. Where are materials to be unloaded and stored?
7. What is the route for pipe and cable trenches?
8. Where is the Halter backwash to discharge?

1. Is all work complete?
2. Is all equipment installed and working?
3. Is the pool full to the correct level and is the level being maintained. (Subject only to normal losses)?
4. Are disinfectant and PH levels correct, and is the water suitably balanced?
5. Have all accessories been supplied (e.g. Test kit, suction cleaner)?
6. Do you know how to operate the pool equipment and maintain the pool water condition?
7. Do you have written instructions?
8. Whom do you call for service?


> How to beat the British weather!

As you look out of your window at this indifferent British Summer and your deserted swimming pool, you must wish there was something you could do so that you and your family could enjoy a swim.

Well there is, don't let the weather dictate your leisure , you can do something about it. The answer is to install a Pool Dome and here are ten reasons why you should act now.

1. ECONOMICS The Pool Dome is an economic way to enclose your Swimming Pool.
2. YOU DECIDE WHEN YOU SWIM Don't allow the weather to dictate when you can use your swimming pool.
3. ADDED SAFETY Small children and family pets can be excluded from the pool water when not supervised.
4. PARTY TIME Children's parties and evening get togethers with friends around the pool need not be cancelled when the weather turns nasty.
5. EASlER POOL CLEANING Airborne debris, leaves etc., will no longer be a problem.
6. LESS CHEMICALS Less debris in the water means lower chemical bills. 7.LOWER ENERGY BILLS solar heat gain will mean almost no energy costs from May to September and low cost beyond to the Autumn.
8. EASE OF REMOVAL The Pool Dome is a two man job to remove and re-install.
9. VARIETY OF COLOURS Clear, Sky Blue, Bronze and reinforced clear are available. Select the one to suit your garden.
10. ALL THE YEAR ROUND SWIMMING Many people do swim all the year round in their Pool Domes.

So there you have it, ten reasons to buy a Pool Dome now and get three or more months swimming this year.
Contact us NOW and you will soon be back enjoying your Swimming Pool - in spite of the weather!

> Pool Heating Costs explained

We are often asked, in fact we are asked by every customer, quote "How much will it cost to heat my pool?", my reply to this question is always the same, "How long is a piece of string". lt is very difficult, if not impossible to answer this question truthfully and accurately. lt all depends on our weather for starters. A difference in our temperature of only 1°C will make a difference in nearly 10% costs.

The effects of wind exposure and how long a cover is left off can be enormous. We at C.J. Pools, build our pools with every aspect of heat conservation taken into account. With this in mind we have put the following information together in an attempt to throw a little light on the subject. We trust you will find it both interesting and informative.

Heat losses from a pool consist of:
CONDUCTlON LOSSES - into the ground and into the atmosphere
CONVECTlON LOSSES - into the atmosphere via air movement across the surface, and
EVAPORATION LOSSES - into the atmosphere as a result of the latent heat of vaporisation of water.

As a rough rule of thumb they break down as;
10% Conduction Losses
20% Convection Losses
70% Evaporation Losses

Conduction losses can be limited by lagging of pool and pipework. Convection losses can be reduced by windbreaks, heat retention covers etc. Evaporation losses can be reduced by covers, floating or rigid.
Obviously a 50% reduction in any of these makes most difference with evaporation losses conversely a lot of money spent on lagging pool and pipework is wasted.

The overall heat losses are higher from a concrete pool, compared to a liner pool especially if the liner has a foam insulation fitted to the walls and floor. However, the surface area is the critical factor.

The following figures are based on 2 hours uncovered and 22 hours covered per day plus average day/night temperatures.

Heat Loss = 0.355 kw/m/ c differential/day
Pool Temp = 27°C (80.6°F)
Area = 26.8 m

MAY 14°C
AUG 14°C
123.7 kw
104.6 kw
95.1 kw
123.7 kw
142.7 kw
3835 kw
3138 kw
2948 kw
3835 kw
4281 kw

A selection of our commercial customers
(We cannot show all of our customers due to privacy contracts)

Berthlwyd Hall Holiday Park
Aberconwy Country Club, Aberconwy
Coed Helen Caravan park, Caernarfon
Cardigan View Caravan Park, Towyn
Faenol Fawr Manor Hotel, Bodelwyddan
Dinas Dinlle Caravan Park, Caernarfon
Greenacres Caravan Park, Gronant
Millers Cottage Caravan Park, Towyn
Morfa Lodge Caravan Park, Caernarfon
Oriel House Hotel, St Asaph
Penrhyn Caravan Park, Holyhead
Plassey Leisure Park, Eyton
Talacre Beach Caravan Parks, Prestatyn
White Towers Holiday Camp, Caernarfon
PS Villa, Patong Beach, Phuket
La Flora, Patong Beach, Phuket
La Casa De La Flora, Khaolak, Thailand
Than Thip Villa, Patonong Beach, Phuket

101 Victoria Road • Prestatyn • Denbighshire • North Wales • LL19 7SR • UK
Tel: +44 (0)7713 328 806 • Fax: +44 (0)1745 886074
sales@cjpools.co.uk • enquiries@cjpools.co.uk